Opus Remote Sensing Device (RSD) remotely measures exhaust emissions from motor vehicles as they are driven past the remote sensing device on streets and highways. The emissions are measured spectroscopically by casting a narrow infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) beam of light across the road and through the trailing exhaust of passing motor vehicles. A mirror then reflects the IR/UV light back to a series of detectors that measure the amount of transmitted light at characteristic wavelengths absorbed by the pollutants of interest.
Our latest instrument, the RSD6000™, offers new capabilities and enhanced specifications.
The RSD can measure the emissions emitted by the vehicles circulating under real-driving conditions. Since it takes only a second to capture a measurement, these devices can capture large quantities of vehicle emissions data in a short period of time. Also, since it is a non-intrusive technique, the RSD monitors the vehicles without interfering with the traffic flow.
In brief, the system measures the spectroscopic absorbance in infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) light of: hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen monoxide and dioxide (NO and NO2 separately, combined as NOx), ammonia (NH3) and particulate matter as a proxy from opaccity (PM). By taking the ratios of the various pollutants to CO2 and applying stoichiometric rules and other conversion factors, the emission values can be epressed in meaningful units (i.e. g/kg fuel burned), which can then be converted to ravelled distance emissions (g/km) with appropriate assumptions.
Exhaust emissions are measured instantly, accurately and non-intrusively
What does the RSD measure?
The RSD measures the concentrations of Carbon Monoxide (CO), Hydrocarbons (HC), Oxides and Dioxides of Nitrogen (NO and NO2), Particulate Matter (PM) and Amonnia (NH3). The system shines beams of ultraviolet and infrared light across the road. The amount of specific wavelengths of light absorbed by the pollutant in the vehicle's exhaust and evaporative emissions is recorded and those readings enable us to determine the concentrations of pollutants present in the exhaust plme of the vehicle. The sensors detect emissions from tailpipe exhausts, as well as evaporative emissions caused by leaks from fuel lines, pumps, tanks and other components. The device also captures the licence plate of the vehicle and measures the vehicle's speed and acceleration at the time of the emissions' measurement. All of this completes a "record". The RSD detects and measures each vehicle as the vehicle drives by. The process of measuring emissions remotely begins when the vehicle breaks the invisible beam crossing the road. Each vehicle record consists of 100 measurements of the exhaust plume in 0,5 seconds. Exhaust emissions, speed, acceleration, ambient conditions, the license plate text and the time stamp are all recorded in less than a second. All that information relates to a vehicle record. That record is transferred by 4G/5G in real-time to our Remote Sensing Data Platform.
How effective is the RSD?
Our ISO-17025 accreditation gives us a remote measurement accuracy of 15%, similar to other road traffic measurement systems. Our accreditation allows us to ensure the accuracy, relative uncertainty and repeatability of our measurements. In addition, our system has a 90% correlation with PEMS and has been validated by multiple independent international bodies.
The most typical configuration of our technology is a portable setup for flexible monitoring and easy deployment. The RSD can be quickly deployed (20 minutes including calibration), left temporarily unattended and frequently moved to fresh sites. The RSD is fully battery powered, connected to the internet and do not require any modification to the road.
The battery pack provides 20 hours of autonomy, and they can be easily swapped. The video camera can be deployed in a hidden barrel, in disguised roadside cubes, attached to nearby infraestructure or simply deployed on the roadside with a tripod.
The portable deployment offers maximum flexibility.
The RSD6000 can also be installed on a fixed site for 24/7 monitoring. The RSD modules are housed inside two main IP65 cabinets, deployed at both sides of the road, and anchored to the ground.
The main cabinet is connected to an external power source, for continuous power supply . The RSD6000 can include a rain sensor which activates the closing of the cabinet if rain is detected. Door is opened again automatically after rain stops.
After installation of the two cabinets, and by providing one of the cabins with electricity, the RSD6000 can be placed inside to measure continuously and uninterruptedly. These cabinets include a full temperature conditioning system.
The RSD6000 measures CO, NO, NO2, HC and NH3 to CO2. Additionally, it provides an accurate measurement of particle emissions equivalent to PM2.5. It is the only technology of its type to provide all this information.
The RSD6000 includes a system for automatic and autonomous auditing. The system incorporates internal sealed cells with known concentrations to regularly verify the system's accuracy. This applies for portable and fixed systems, enabling 24/7 monitoring with fully unattended operation.
The RSD6000 can include a new advanced camera that provides many solutions altogether: License plate reading, automatic real-time vehicle type recognition, driving lane identification and measurement of speed and acceleration. Thank to this last capability, the new RSD 6000 does not require the legacy speed-bar.
With the new smart camera, the RSD6000 can simultaneously measure emissions from vehicles traveling in two lanes without the need to place anything on the asphalt or above the lanes. The system identifies events where vehicles pass in parallel to mark these events as invalid.
A complete, advanced and mature technology
Opus RSE is the only entity in the world accredited to measure real-driving emissions remotely. Systems are calibrated under ISO methodology. We are audited by the Spanish Acreditation Agency every year.
We provide the cheapest technology to measure real-world traffic emissions. Either for a one-shot study or for long-term programs, the RSD has proven to be very atractive for our clients.
Worldwide partners and clients use the RSDs on their own after a few days training. The RSD is easy to calibrate in a few minutes and it can be monitored remotely by a technician (PC, smartphone, etc.).
Opus RSD correlates with other similar technologies, such as PEMS, by up to 90%.
It is has been a proven and validated system for decades. Even nowadays, independant validations are performed every year.
The portable RSD is deployed without any preperation on the site, so it can be deployed on a new site every day. The system can also be inegrated in cabins, gantries or other road infraestructure for fixed deployment.
The system is designed to inegrate with all ITS, like ALPR cameras, urban sensors, tollboths, etc. Its small size and simplicity facilitates physical integration. Its connectivity ensures any data integration.